The Ingress Protection rating (IP Rating) system is a classification system, that in a nutshell, provides you with the levels of protection you’re receiving from solid objects and liquids. The standard aims to provide users with more detailed information than vague marketing terms such as waterproof.
In a perfect world, every device will be able to withstand sand, dust, and water to some extent, not all devices. The Ingress Progress rating classification system, for solid objects and liquids.
The basic standards for IP rating are IS/IEC 60529. The standard aims to provide users with more detailed information than vague marketing terms such as waterproof. The first digit represents protection against ingress of solid objects, while the second digit represents protection against ingress of liquids; the higher the value, the greater the protection.
The Degree of Protection provided by an enclosure is indicated by the IP coding such as IPXXCH
IP – IP is the Code letters
X – First Characteristics numeral – Dust Protection (numerals 0-6 or latter X)
X – Second Characteristics numeral – Water Protection (numeral 0-8 or latter X)
C – Additional Latter – optional, letters A,B,C, D
H – Supplementary letters – optional, letters H, M, S, W
Applicable Standard: IS/IEC 60529:2001
|1X Protection against objects >50mm||X1 Protection against vertically Dripping water|
|2X Protection against objects >12.5mm||X2 Dripping water at +-15° from vertical|
|3X Protection against objects >2.5mm||X3 Protection against spraying water|
|4X Protection against objects >1mm||X4 Protection against splashing water|
|5X Dust Protected ( limited ingress)||X5 Protection against low pressure jetting water|
|6X Dust tight protection||X6 Protection against high pressure jetting water|
|Dust test Ingress of protections (Degrees) (IP 1X, 2X, 3X, 4X, 5X, 6X. IP X3, X4, X5, X6, X7, X8)||IS 9000 Pt (XII); IS/IEC 60529|
1. IEC 60529
2. BS EN 60529
The standard we most commonly use at ITC for ingress protection is BS EN 60529 and IEC 60529. Within this standard it outlines an international classification system to test the sealing effectiveness of enclosures of electrical equipment against the the equipment of solid particles and liquid.
1. Ingress Protection of (IP) Ratings (Solid ingress)
2. Ingress Protection (IP) Ratings (Liquid ingress)
The testing will access the protection of the equipment against ingress of solid bodies and/or liquids, varying over differing degrees of protection, depending upon the requirements you place on your product.
This test specify the second digit of the Protection Index ( IPXI, IPX2, IPX3, IPX4, IPX5, IPX6, IPX7, IPX8), meaning protection against water entry into the fixture according to the) BS EN 60598-1 IEC 60598 – 1, IEC 60529.